Short Questions and Answers on Textile Engineering for Interview

Are you textile engineering students, teachers or professionals? Are you job seeker in textile and apparel industry? Then you have come in right place. I have selected 120 short questions and answers which questions are frequently asked in viva board related to textile engineering. My MCQ questions focus on fiber, spinning, weaving, washing, testing and quality control, garment inspection etc. My this article will be helpful for those people who are trying to prepare for getting job in spinning mill, weaving factory, dyeing factory, washing factory, garment factory, apparel buying house, different multinational buying agencies and liaison offices, textile chemical companies, different textile engineering related government jobs etc. Textile engineering is a vibrant and innovative area in National and International. If you are textile engineering students then you have great scope to build bright career. Just you have to focus on textile engineering subjects. Just patiently continue your preparation, in this way will get expected job.

questions on Textile Engineering for Interview
Fig: Questions on Textile Engineering for Interview

120 MCQ Questions and Answers on Textile Engineering for Interview

1. What should be minimum length of fibers for making of yarn from fiber?

  1. One inch
  2. Half inch
  3. One centimeter
  4. Half centimeter

2. How many types the fibers have been classified based on the length of the fiber staples?

  1. Two types
  2. Three types
  3. Four types
  4. Five types

3. Among the qualities mention below, which one is the most important quality of textile fiber?

  1. Fineness of fiber
  2. Moisture content value of fiber
  3. Length of fiber
  4. Cohesiveness power of fiber

4. Which one is the protein fiber among the below mentioned fibers?

  1. Cotton
  2. Jute
  3. Rayon
  4. Silk

5. What is the Moisture regain value of cotton fiber?

  1. 7.0%
  2. 8.0%
  3. 8.5%
  4. 9.0%

6. What is the Moisture regain value of jute fiber?

  1. 11.75%
  2. 12.75%
  3. 13.75%
  4. 14.75%

7. What amount of cellulose is present in jute fiber?

  1. 55%
  2. 60%
  3. 65%
  4. 85%

8. As much as the fiber is long, so it becomes fine, in case of which fiber this statement is correct?

  1. Silk
  2. Jute
  3. Wool
  4. Cotton

9. The cross sectional shape of which fiber looks triangular?

  1. Jute
  2. Silk
  3. Wool
  4. Nylon

10. What is the fineness for silk fiber?

  1. 5 to 6 micron
  2. 7 to 8 micron
  3. 9 to 10 micron
  4. 11 to 12 micron

11. Which fiber melts in excessive heat?

  1. Silk
  2. Polyester
  3. Jute
  4. Cotton

12. What is the extension at break of polyester fiber?

  1. 5 to 10%
  2. 11 to 15%
  3. 16 to 19%
  4. 20 to 30%

13. Which fiber has the least Moisture regain value?

  1. Polyester fiber
  2. Nylon fiber
  3. Silk fiber
  4. Glass fiber

14. Which is the best cotton fiber?

  1. Egyptian
  2. Seguisland
  3. Indian
  4. American

15. What type of smell is felt during burning of cotton fiber?

  1. Smell of paper burning
  2. Smell of feather burning
  3. Smell of hair burning
  4. No smell is felt

16. Which is damaged by acid?

  1. Polyester
  2. Acrylic
  3. Wool
  4. Cotton

17. Which fiber is the alternative to wool?

  1. Cotton
  2. Polyester
  3. Nylon
  4. Acrylic

18. Which elements are used in making viscose rayon fiber?

  1. Oil and water
  2. Coal and air
  3. Oil and coal
  4. Wood and bamboo

19. What is meant by yarn count?

  1. Counting of yarn
  2. Strength of yarn
  3. Density of yarn
  4. Thickness of yarn

20. If the Metric count of a yarn is 10, what will be its English count?

  1. 17
  2. 18
  3. 27
  4. 28

21. In how many ways / types have the threads been classified?

  1. 4
  2. 5
  3. 6
  4. 7

22. How many yards are considered as a Hank in cotton yarn?

  1. 740
  2. 760
  3. 840
  4. 860

23. What is the equivalent Tex count of a 20Ne yarn?

  1. 29.5
  2. 30.5
  3. 29.0
  4. 39.0

24. Why does ‘Cotton fiber mixing’ is done in yarn making?

  1. For making high quality yarn
  2. For increasing luster of yarn
  3. For comparative control of yarn price
  4. For making adulterated yarn

25. What is the regular amount of ‘Trash content’ in cotton fibers?

  1. 1% to 5%
  2. 5% to 10%
  3. 1% to 10%
  4. 1% to 15%

26. What is the regular Hank of ‘Carded Slider’?

  1. 0.0012 to 0.0015
  2. 0.0012 to 0.015
  3. 0.12 to 1.5
  4. 1.2 to 1.5

27. Why does the doubling is done in drawing frame?

  1. For increasing the strength of the slider
  2. For making the slider thicker
  3. For decreasing the irregularities of the slider
  4. For increasing the glaze of the slider

28. What is the flyer speed of roving frame?

  1. 500 r.p.m.
  2. 1500 r.p.m.
  3. 2500 r.p.m.
  4. 3500 r.p.m.

29. What is the T.P.I. of a Ne 20 cotton yarn?

  1. 15
  2. 20
  3. 25
  4. 30

30. What is the maximum r.p.m. of the spindle speed of a Ring Spinning Frame?

  1. 10,000
  2. 15,000
  3. 20,000
  4. 25,000

31. Why does the cotton yarn is done steaming?

  1. For increasing the strength of yarn
  2. For increasing the weight of yarn
  3. For setting of twist of yarns
  4. For increasing the glaze of the yarn

32. Why is auto conning used?

  1. For making cones
  2. For making yarn cone without joins
  3. For making cones of bigger sizes
  4. For making cones of smaller sizes

33. What do we mean by C.S.P. (in textile industry)?

  1. Strength of yarn
  2. Count Strength Product
  3. Civil Service of Pakistan
  4. Common Strength Portion

34. What happens if T.P.I. of yarn is increased?

  1. The strength of yarn increases
  2. The price of yarn decreases
  3. The luster of yarn increases
  4. The strength of yarn decreases

35. What type of spinning machine to be selected for making yarn of 60Ne?

  1. Ring frame
  2. Rotor frame
  3. Flyer spinning frame
  4. Friction spinning frame

36. Why is combed yarn better than carded yarn?

  1. For the reason that all say it is better
  2. The quality of yarn is good
  3. The price of the yarn is higher
  4. The price of the yarn is lower

37. When is the Sectional warping machine used in making woven fabrics?

  1. To produce plane fabrics
  2. To produce of yarn is good
  3. To produce striped fabrics
  4. To produce printed fabrics

38. Why are the ends/inch kept greater than the picks/inch in fabrics?

  1. The cost is lower
  2. The fabrics look good
  3. As it is mandatory
  4. Fabrics become more stronger

39. How many frames can be controlled by tappet in weaving machine?

  1. 2
  2. 4
  3. 6
  4. 8

40. Minimum how many frames are required for producing plane fabrics?

  1. 2
  2. 3
  3. 4
  4. 5

41. What may be the maximum P.P.M. of a weaving machine?

  1. 500
  2. 1000
  3. 1500
  4. 2500

42. What do you mean by Primary motion of a weaving machine?

  1. Shedding, picking and beat-up
  2. Shedding and picking
  3. Picking and beat-up
  4. Let-off and take-up

43. Normally what percentage of starch is used in warp yarn?

  1. 6%
  2. 12%
  3. 18%
  4. 24%

44. Why is starch used in warp yarn?

  1. To increase the luster of the yarn
  2. To increase the strength of yarn
  3. For smoothing the yarn
  4. For increasing the weight of the warp yarn

45. Why are the picks/inch kept smaller than the ends/inch in fabrics?

  1. Cost comes lower
  2. Cost comes higher
  3. Fabrics look good
  4. The quality of fabric increases

46. What do we mean by cover factor of a fabric?

  1. The density of yarn in fabrics
  2. The strength of fabrics
  3. The weight of fabrics
  4. The thickness of fabrics

47. Minimum how many frames are required for producing of twill fabrics?

  1. 2
  2. 3
  3. 4
  4. 5

48. What do we mean by Secondary motion of a weaving machine?

  1. Shedding
  2. Picking
  3. Warp protector mechanism
  4. Let-off motion

49. How many yards of fabric may be produced from a beam of 1000 yards yarn?

  1. 800 yards
  2. 850 yards
  3. 900 yards
  4. 950 yards

50. Generally, how many yards of fabrics remain in a fabric roll?

  1. 50 yards
  2. 110 yards
  3. 150 yards
  4. 200 yards

51. Which one of the below defects is not of weaving fault?

  1. Shuttle mark
  2. Reed mark
  3. Running stripe
  4. Oil spot

52. Which type of fabric is produced by jacquard weaving machine?

  1. Plane fabric
  2. Twill fabric
  3. Zig-zag twill fabric
  4. Fabric with big designs

53. What is meant by GSM of a fabric?

  1. The construction of fabric
  2. The strength of fabric
  3. The weight of fabric
  4. The thickness of fabric

54. Generally, the single jersey fabric is produced at what GSM?

  1. 160
  2. 200
  3. 260
  4. 300

55. Which dye is used for dyeing of polyester fabrics?

  1. Direct dye
  2. Vat dye
  3. Reactive dye
  4. Disperse dye

56. Which dye is not used for dyeing of cotton fabrics?

  1. Reactive dye
  2. Sulfur dye
  3. Vat dye
  4. Disperse dye

57. For which dye will the color in cotton fabric be temporary?

  1. Reactive dye
  2. Sulfur dye
  3. Acid dye
  4. Direct dye

58. For what time of caustic treatment is required for mercerization of cotton fabric?

  1. 2 minutes
  2. 4 minutes
  3. 6 minutes
  4. 8 minutes

59. Which dye allows better colorfastness to cotton fabrics?

  1. Direct dye
  2. Reactive dye
  3. Vat dye
  4. Sulfur dye

60. What is the percentage of caustics to be used for mercerization of cotton fabrics?

  1. 10%
  2. 15%
  3. 20%
  4. 25%

61. Why is scouring done for cotton fabrics?

  1. For removing starch of fabrics
  2. For setting dimension of fabrics
  3. For increasing strengths of fabrics
  4. For removing garbage from cotton fibers

62. What is called liquor ratio?

  1. The ratio of fabric length and water weight
  2. The ratio of water volume and fabric volume
  3. The ratio of fabric weight and water weight
  4. The ratio of water weight and fabric volume

63. The maximum liquor ratio is used in what machine?

  1. Jet dyeing machine
  2. Winch dyeing machine
  3. Pad batch dyeing machine
  4. Jigger dyeing machine

64. Why is heat setting done in fabrics?

  1. For color fasting of the fabric
  2. For increasing the strength of fabrics
  3. For setting of fabric dimension
  4. For increasing of softness feeling in fabrics

65. Why is fabric steaming done in pigment printing?

  1. For increasing strength of fabrics
  2. For fixing of dye
  3. For decreasing of fabric shrinkage
  4. For increasing of fabric luster

66. Generally, which type of printing is not used in fabric printing?

  1. Block print
  2. Batik print
  3. Roller print
  4. Transfer print

67. Which dye gives the lowest cost for dyeing?

  1. Direct dye
  2. Reactive dye
  3. Vat dye
  4. Acid dye

68. What lowest rating of wash fastness in fabric is considered as permanent color?

  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4

69. Which job is done by stentering machine?

  1. Drying of fabric and setting of dimension
  2. To print fabric
  3. To clean fabric
  4. To control fabric shrinkage

70. Which type of below fabrics can be dyed by jet dyeing?

  1. Cotton fabric
  2. Silk fabric
  3. Woolen fabric
  4. Polyester fabric

71. Which agent is used for bleaching of fabrics?

  1. De-singeing material
  2. Acid
  3. Hydrogen peroxide
  4. Potassium permanganate

72. Why does pilling occur in fabric?

  1. If fabric is dirty
  2. If fabric is much used
  3. Much hairy fiber in fabric
  4. If fabric is less used

73. How is the strength of woven fabric expressed?

  1. Pounds/2 inches
  2. Pounds/1 inch
  3. Pounds/3 inches
  4. Pounds/4 inches

74. Why is the Drape test of fabric done?

  1. For examining weight of fabrics
  2. For examining thickness of fabrics
  3. For examining hanging behavior of fabrics
  4. For examining strength of fabrics

75. Why is singeing done in fabrics?

  1. For cleaning of fabrics
  2. For thinning of fabrics
  3. For removing hairy fibers from fabrics
  4. For setting of dimension in fabrics

76. What do we understand by Picks per inch?

  1. The number of warp yarns per inch
  2. The number of weft yarns per inch
  3. The number twist per inch
  4. The number of fabric plies per inch

77. What is meant by Ends/inch?

  1. The number of weft yarns per inch
  2. The number of warp yarns per inch
  3. The number of twist per inch
  4. The quantity of fabrics produced per minute

78. Which one of the below tests is not required for testing of the fiber?

  1. Strength test
  2. Length test
  3. Crease recovery test
  4. Humidity test

79. What is measured by Tekometer?

  1. Length
  2. Thickness
  3. Speed
  4. Humidity

80. What is done by a Piece glass?

  1. Luxurious goods are made
  2. Thickness of fabric is measured
  3. The yarns in fabrics are counted
  4. Thickness of yarn is measured

81. What is meant by Staple length of fibers?

  1. The average length of fibers
  2. The maximum length of a fiber
  3. The minimum length of a fiber
  4. The Modal length of a fiber

82. What is meant by Texturising?

  1. Fabric construction
  2. Yarn construction
  3. Garments construction
  4. To give crease marks in fibers

83. How is the Cross-sectional shape of cotton fiber?

  1. Round
  2. Rectangular
  3. Triangular
  4. Tape like

84. What is measured by electric balance?

  1. Length of fibers
  2. Fineness of fibers
  3. Yarn count
  4. Fabric GSM

85. What happens in pre-treatment?

  1. Fabric weight increase
  2. Fabric weight decreases
  3. Fabric weight remains unchanged
  4. Fabric length increases

86. What change occurs after bleaching of fabrics?

  1. Fabric length
  2. Fabric width
  3. Fabric strength
  4. Fabric color

87. Which one of the below tests is not done for testing of yarn?

  1. Strength
  2. Pilling
  3. Count
  4. Hairiness

88. What do we understand by micronaire?

  1. Fineness of yarn
  2. Fineness of fabric
  3. Fineness of fiber
  4. Construction of fabric

89. What sort of defects do we understand by ‘Slub’?

  1. Fabric defect
  2. Yarn defect
  3. Fiber defect
  4. Garments defect

90. How is the Cross-sectional shape of Viscose Rayon?

  1. Round
  2. Rectangular
  3. Star shape
  4. Ribbon shape

91. What is the length of a silk fiber?

  1. 400 to 700 meter
  2. 400 to 500 meter
  3. 500 to 600 meter
  4. 500 to 700 meter

92. Why is Mixing done in yarn manufacturing?

  1. For adulterating the yarn
  2. For improving the quality of yarn
  3. For keeping in control the quality and price of the yarn
  4. For keeping the color of the yarn perfect

93. Which are the Primary colors as per the Light Theory?

  1. Red, Green and Blue
  2. Red, Yellow and Blue
  3. Red, Yellow and Black
  4. Blue, Yellow and Black

94. How is the Cross-sectional shape of a Nylon fiber?

  1. Round
  2. Rectangular
  3. Triangular
  4. May be in any shape

95. How is the Cross-sectional shape of a Polyester fiber?

  1. Round
  2. Rectangular
  3. Triangular
  4. May be in any shape

96. What is the ultimate length of a jute fiber?

  1. 0.0025 mm
  2. 0.025 mm
  3. 0.25 mm
  4. 2.5 mm

97. Why is Doubling done in yarn manufacturing?

  1. For elongating the material
  2. For decreasing the irregularities of material
  3. For decreasing the slub problem
  4. For controlling the hairiness of yarn

98. What has been meant by Denting in weaving machine?

  1. To pass the warp yarns through the reeds
  2. To pass the yarns through hilled eye
  3. To pass the yarns through Lease rod
  4. To pass the yarns through warp shed

99. What has been meant by Marker in garments industry?

  1. One kind of pen
  2. One kind of label
  3. The paper for drawing the pictures of patterns
  4. Colored sticker for marking garments

100. How many inches of threads are required for each inch of Lock stitch?

  1. 2.5 inches
  2. 3.5 inches
  3. 2.0 inches
  4. 4.0 inches

101. What has been meant by Seam Pucker?

  1. The holes in seams
  2. Creasing of fabrics along the seams
  3. Types of seam
  4. Length of seam

102. What is meant by Grading in garments industry?

  1. To classify the garments based on quality
  2. To classify the garments based on sizes
  3. To make patterns of various sizes
  4. To make patterns of various designs

103. What is meant by Quota in garments industry?

  1. Size of garment
  2. Quality of garments
  3. Obligation for exporting of the specific quantities of garments
  4. The types of garments

104. What is meant by Fusing in garments industry?

  1. Paper interlining
  2. Sewn interlining
  3. Joining of interlining through heat and pressure
  4. Fusable interlining

105. In how many classes have the seams been classified?

  1. 5 classes
  2. 6 classes
  3. 7 classes
  4. 8 classes

106. In how many classes have the stitches been classified?

  1. 5 classes
  2. 6 classes
  3. 7 classes
  4. 8 classes

107. What is the S.P.M. of an Industrial Lock Stitch machine?

  1. 5500 r.p.m.
  2. 6500 r.p.m.
  3. 7500 r.p.m.
  4. 8500 r.p.m.

108. How many threads are used for making of blind stitch?

  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4

109. As per pigment theory, which colors are Primary?

  1. Red, yellow and blue
  2. Red, green and blue
  3. Red, yellow and black
  4. Red, black and blue

110. How many types are the collars of shirts?

  1. 2 types
  2. 3 types
  3. 4 types
  4. 5 types

111. How many inches of threads will be required for making an inch of two-needle chain stitch?

  1. 4.5 inches
  2. 5.5 inches
  3. 6.5 inches
  4. 6.0 inches

112. How much threads for making a men’s shirt?

  1. 110 yards
  2. 210 yards
  3. 315 yards
  4. 425 yards

113. What is the Ticket No. for Ne 2/40 yarn?

  1. 60
  2. 70
  3. 80
  4. 90

114. What type of needle point will have to be used for sewing a thin woven fabric?

  1. Slim set point
  2. Set point
  3. Light ball point
  4. Medium ball point

115. How many meters of threads are here in a cone of a sewing thread?

  1. 500
  2. 1000
  3. 2000
  4. 4000

116. What will be the needle size if the needle blade dia of a sewing machine is 0.8 mm?

  1. 40 N.M.
  2. 60 N.M.
  3. 80 N.M.
  4. 160 N.M.

117. What is the temperature range for interlining fusing?

  1. 100 to 115 degree Celsius
  2. 110 to 150 degree Celsius
  3. 100 to 175 degree Celsius
  4. 110 to 175 degree Celsius

118. What is enzyme that is used for de-singeing?

  1. One kind of chemicals
  2. One kind of paste
  3. One kind of powder
  4. One kind of bacteria

119. When does Crease Mark happen in fabric?

  1. During using of garments
  2. During ironing
  3. During dyeing
  4. During cleaning of garment

120. Why is Drafting done in manufacturing of yarn?

  1. For keeping control of hairiness of yarn
  2. For lesser quantity of slub in yarn
  3. For elongation of the material
  4. For increasing the thickness of material

Answer Sheet of Above Questions:

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