Different Styles of Hats and Caps with Pictures

Hats and caps are most fashionable headwear, which protects the head from sunburn and possible sunstroke; also provide shade for the eyes. Hats and caps are important fashion accessories for mens and womens from ancient time. Before we discuss about different styles of hats and caps, let’s have some discussed about Hats and Caps.

Hats

A hat is a head covering which are worn for various purposes. It helps us for protection against weather conditions, for religious reasons, for safety, for denotation of rank in the military or as a fashion accessory. Once hat was an indicator of social status, but now it’s an indicator of fashion and life style.

Parts of hats:

parts of hat
Fig: Different parts of hat

The basic parts of a hat are below:

  1. Crown
  2. Visor
  3. Brim
  4. Hatband
  5. Trim

Different styles of hats:

  1. Balmoral bonnet
  2. Beanie
  3. Beret
  4. Bicorne
  5. Bowler / Derby
  6. Buntal
  7. Chullo
  8. Cloche hat
  9. Sombrero Cordobés
  10. Conical Asian hat
  11. Custodian helmet
  12. Deerstalker
  13. Fedora
  14. Fez
  15. Fulani hat
  16. Keffiyah
  17. Homburg Hat
  18. Hard hat
  19. Kippah
  20. Mitre
  21. Montera
  22. Panama
  23. Pillbox hat
  24. Pith Helmet
  25. Santa Hat
  26. Sombrero
  27. Stetson or, Cowboy Hat
  28. Tam o’Shanter
  29. Top hat
  30. Toque
  31. Tricorne
  32. Tuque
  33. Turban
  34. Ushanka etc.

Different types of hat styles are described below:

Balmoral bonnet:

It is a traditional Scottish hat. It is worn as part of formal or informal Highland dress. Canadian Military regiments the Nova Scotia Highlanders and the Queen’s Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada wear the traditional Balmoral hat. But sometimes it is called both hats and caps.

Balmoral bonnet hat
Fig: Balmoral bonnet

Beret:

Beret is a soft, round, flat-crowned hat. It is worn as part of the uniform of many military and police units worldwide. Most famous photographs of revolutionary, Che Guevara, show him wearing a black beret.

Che Guevara wearing a Black Beret
Fig: Che Guevara wearing a Black Beret

Bicorne:

Bicorne is a historical form of hat widely adopted in the 1790s in millitray uniform. It is known as a cocked hat.

Bicorne hat
Fig: Bicorne hat

Bowler:

Bowler hat are worldwide familiarly known as Derby, Billycock, Bob hat, bombín or derby. Its a hard felt hat with a rounded crown. It was created by the London hat-makers named Thomas and William Bowler in 1849.

Bowler hat
Fig: Bowler hat

Buntal:

Buntal is a traditional Philippines straw hat. It made from the Philippines woven from fibers extracted from the petioles of buri palm leaves. It is also known as the parabuntal hat, East Indian Panama hat, or Italian straw hat.

Buntal hat
Fig: Buntal

Chullo:

Chullo is is an andean style of hat with earflaps. The Peruvian and Bolivian hat with ear-flaps made from vicuña, alpaca, llama or sheep’s wool is called Chullo.

Chullo hat
Fig: Chullo

Cloche Hat:

Cloche hat is a bell-shaped ladies hat.  Its name is came from cloche the French word “bell”. It was popular during the Roaring Twenties.

angelina jolie wearing Cloche hat
Fig: Angelina Jolie wearing cloche hat

Sombrero Cordobés:

Sombrero Cordobés is a traditional flat-brimmed and flat-topped hat. It is a traditional hat made in the city of Córdoba, Spain. But, it is traditionally worn in the Andalusia. It is also popular as wide-brimmed hat.

Sombrero Cordobés hat
Fig: Sombrero cordobés hat

Conical Asian hat:

Conical Asian hat is popular as a “coolie hat”. It is also known as an Asian rice hat, oriental hat or farmer’s hat. It is a conical hat originating in East, South and Southeast Asia.

Conical Asian hat
Fig: Conical Asian hat

Custodian helmet:

Custodian helmet is traditionally worn by British police constables while on foot patrol.

Custodian helmet
Fig: Custodian helmet

Deerstalker:

Deerstalker was designed for use while hunting in the climate of Scotland. It is a warm, close-fitting tweed hat. It have brims front and behind and ear-flaps that can be tied together under the chin. Deerstalker hat is associated with the character Sherlock Holmes.

Sherlock Holmes in Deerstalker
Fig: Sherlock Holmes in Deerstalker

Fedora:

It is a soft felt hat with a medium brim and lengthwise crease in the crown.  It made of wool, cashmere, rabbit or beaver felt.

Fedora hat
Fig: Fedora hat

Fez Hat:

The word “Fez” refers to the Moroccan city of Fez. Red felt hat in the shape of a truncated cone, is refer to fez hat. It is also popular as Tarboosh. But, modern fez owes much popularity in the Ottoman era.

Fez Hat
Fig: Fez Hat

Fulani hat:

Fulani hat is conical fiber hat. It covered in leather both at the brim and top. The Fulani leather applications that come from the Fulani people in West Africa. It is traditionally worn by the Wodaabe which is a nomadic cattle-herder subgroup of the Fulani. It’s become popular after were featured on dancers in the 2018 music video All the Stars.

Fulani hat
Fig: Fulani hat

Homburg Hat:

It is a semi-formal hat of fur felt. It is characterized by a single dent running down the centre of the gutter crown. Homburg is traditionally offered in black or grey.

Homburg Hat
Fig: Homburg Hat

Hard hat:

Hard hat is a rounded rigid helmet with a small brim predominantly used in workplace environments, such as industrial and construction sites. It protects worker from the head from injury by falling objects.

Hard hat
Fig: Hard hat

Mitre:

Mitre is a type of headgear popular in traditional Christianity. It is worn in the Catholic Church and Orthodox Church.

Mitre hat
Fig: Mitre hat

Montera:

Montera is a crocheted hat worn by bullfighters. It is traditionally worn in the folk costumes of the Iberian Peninsula.

Montera hat
Fig: Montera hat

Panama:

Panama hat is a Straw hat made in Ecuador. It is traditionally made from the plaited leaves of the Carludovica palmata plant. Panama hat is also popular as an Ecuadorian hat or a toquilla straw hat.

Panama hat
Fig: Panama hat

Pillbox hat:

Pillbox hat is a small hat with straight, upright sides, a flat crown, and no brim. It is usually worn by women.

Pillbox hat
Fig: Pillbox hat

Pith Helmet:

It is a lightweight rigid cloth-covered helmet. It made of cork or pith, with brims front and back. It’s worn by Europeans in tropical colonies in the 1800s. Pith helmet is also popular as the safari helmet, sun helmet, topee, sola topee or topi.

Pith Helmet
Fig: Pith Helmet

Santa Hat:

Santa is a floppy pointed red hat. This is trimmed in white fur traditionally associated with Christmas.

Santa Hat
Fig: Santa hat

Sombrero:

Sombrero is a Mexican hat with a conical crown and a very wide, saucer-shaped brim. It is highly embroidered hat. It used to shield from the sun. Sombrero is known as a Sombrero de Charro in Spanish.

Sombrero Mexican hat
Fig: Sombrero Mexican hat

Cowboy hat or Stetson:

Stetson is popular as a “Cowboy Hat”. It is a wide-brimmed hat. Stetson has a sweatband on the inside, and a decorative hat band on the outside.

cowboy hat
Fig: Cowboy hat

Tyrolean hat:

It is a type of headwear which originally came from the Tyrol Alps in Europe. It is also called as Bavarian hat and Alpine hat.

Tyrolean hat
Fig: Tyrolean hat

Top hat:

Top hat is popular as a beaver hat, a magician’s hat, or a stovepipe hat. Cartoon characters Uncle Sam and Mr. Monopoly are depicted wearing such top hats.

Top hat
Fig: Top hat

Toque:

Toque is a tall, pleated, brimless, cylindrical hat. It was popular from the 13th- 16th century in Europe. Today, it is traditionally worn by chefs.

Toque hat
Fig: Toque hat

Turban:

It is a headdress consisting of a scarf-like single piece of cloth wound around. It’s a type of headwear based on cloth winding. It is worn as customary headwear by people of various cultures from Indian subcontinent to East Africa. Turbans worn in South Asia are popular as “Pagri”.

Turban hat
Fig: Turban

Ushanka:

Ushanka is a Russian fur hat with fold-down ear-flaps. The word ushanka derived from ushi means “ears” in Russian.

Ushanka hat
Fig: Ushanka hat

Caps

A cap is a form of headwear. It has crowns that fit very close to the head and have brim or visor. It’s typically designed for warmth and, when including a visor, blocking sunlight from the eyes. Cap come in many shapes and sizes.

Different parts of cap:

parts of cap
Fig: Parts of cap

The basic parts of a cap are below:

  1. Crown
  2. Visor
  3. Button
  4. Velcro (Buckle cloth strap)
  5. Eyelet

Different styles of caps:

  1. Ascot cap
  2. Ayam
  3. Baggy green
  4. Baseball cap
  5. Beanie (North America)
  6. Bearskin
  7. Beret
  8. Biretta
  9. Busby
  10. Cap and bells
  11. Cap of maintenance
  12. Casquette
  13. Caubeen
  14. Caul
  15. Coif
  16. Combination cap (also known as a service cap)
  17. Coppola
  18. Cricket cap
  19. Do-rag
  20. Dutch cap
  21. Fitted cap
  22. Flat cap (also known as a Kerry cap, Paddy cap, longshoreman’s cap, scally cap, Wigens cap, ivy cap, golf cap, duffer cap, driving cap, bicycle cap, Jeff cap, or in Scotland, bunnet, Forage cap)
  23. Forage cap
  24. Gandhi cap
  25. Garrison cap
  26. Glengarry
  27. Greek fisherman’s cap (also known as a Breton cap or a fiddler’s cap)
  28. International cap
  29. Juliet cap
  30. Karakul
  31. Kepi
  32. Kippah
  33. Keffiyeh
  34. Kufi
  35. Lika cap
  36. M43 field cap
  37. Mao cap
  38. Monmouth cap
  39. Newsboy cap
  40. Nightcap
  41. Nurse cap
  42. Ochipok
  43. Papakhi
  44. Patrol cap
  45. Peaked cap
  46. Phrygian cap
  47. Rastacap
  48. Sailor cap
  49. Shako
  50. Shower cap
  51. Sindhi cap
  52. Snapback
  53. Sports visor
  54. Square academic cap
  55. Stormy Kromer cap
  56. Swim cap
  57. Tam o’ Shanter
  58. Taqiyah, worn by Muslim males
  59. Toque
  60. Trucker hat
  61. Tubeteika
  62. Ushanka
  63. Utility cover
  64. Zucchetto

Different types of cap styles are described below:

Ascot cap:

Ascot cap is popular as Cuffley cap and Lippincott cap. It is a men’s hard cap similar to the flat cap. But distinguished by its hardness and rounded shape.

Ascot cap
Fig: Ascot cap

Ayam caps:

Ayam is a Korean traditional winter cap. It is mostly worn by women. It is known as called aegeom which means “covering a forehead”. It’s worn to protection against the cold.

Ayam cap
Fig: Ayam cap

Baby caps:

Babies lose a large amount of heat through their heads. So, parents have to a hard time regulating their body temperature until about 6 months of age. Covering a baby’s head with a baby hat may be helped to reduce heat loss.

Baby caps
Fig: Baby caps

Baseball caps:

It is a special type of soft light cotton cap with rounded crown and a stiff bill projecting in the front.

Baseball caps
Fig: Baseball cap

Baggy Green:

It is a cricket cap of dark myrtle green colour. It had worn by Australian cricketers in 20th century.

Baggy Green
Fig: Michael Clarke in baggy green cap

Barretinas:

Barretina is now used as a symbol of Catalan identity. It is worn with the top flopping down.

Barrettina
Fig: Barrettina

Bearskin:

It is a tall fur cap. Generally it is worn as a part of ceremonial military uniform. But traditionally, the bearskin was the headgear of grenadier and guards regiments’ military. The iconic bearskin caps worn by the British Queen’s guards for more than 200 years. But many people it is called both hats and caps.

bearskin
Fig: Bearskin

Beanies:

Beanies are tight-fitting winter cap. It fit much tighter than ski caps. Sometime it acting like a glove for the head.

Beanie
Fig: Beanie

Casquette:

It is a peaked cotton cap traditionally worn by racing cyclists. It was become very popular as fashion items in some European.

Casquette cap
Fig: Casquette cap

Cotton caps:

Cotton caps offer the most comfortable wear with an excellent warmth level. It made from a flowery shrub with soft, downy fibers. Cotton caps have several types of styles, including beanie, trooper, combat, aviator, and so on.

Cotton caps
Fig: Cotton cap

Cricket caps:

A cricket cap is a special type of soft cap. It is a tight-fitting skullcap made of six sections. It has a small crescent shaped brim which points downwards over the brow to provide shade for the eyes.

Cricket caps
Fig: Cricket caps

Coonskin cap:

Coonskin cap made from the skin and fur of a raccoon. It was originally a traditional hat in Native America. But European started wearing it as hunting caps.

Coonskin cap
Fig: Coonskin cap

Fleece caps:

It is one of the softest caps. It made from the wool of a sheep. Fleece caps has deep, soft piles that make it feel luxurious against the skin. These caps come in many styles, such as trapper, snowboard, hood scarf, half-face mask, and hoods, etc.

Fleece caps
Fig: Fleece caps

Golf caps:

A golf cap have a small stiff brim in front. It is made from wool, tweed, and cotton. The inside of it, is commonly lined for comfort and warmth.

Golf caps
Fig: Golf caps

Kippah:

Kippah known as yarmulke or skull cap. It is a brimless cap, made of cloth. It is traditionally worn by Jewish to fulfill the customary requirement, the head be covered.

Kippah
Fig: Kippah

Kufi:

Kufi cap is a brimless, short, and rounded cap. It is worn mostly in Africa and South Asia. It is popular as a “topi” or “tupi” in the Indian subcontinent.

Kufi cap
Fig: Kufi cap

Keffiyeh:

Keffiyeh is a traditional Arabian headdress. It has three parts ensembles consisting of a Thagiyah skull cap, Gutrah scarf, and Ogal black band. It is also known in the Middle East as ghutrah, shemagh, ḥaṭṭah, mashadah, chafiye, dastmal yazdi, cemedanîin and so on.

Keffiyeh
Fig: Keffiyeh

Monkey caps:

It is a form of cloth headgear. It is designed to expose only part of the face, generally the eyes and mouth. Monkey cap is popular as also balaclava, or Bally or ski mask.

Monkey caps
Fig: Monkey cap

Newsboy cap:

It is a casual-wear cap similar in style to the flat cap. It is known also as newsie cap.

Newsboy cap
Fig: Newsboy cap

Polyester caps:

It is a wrinkle-resistant fabric made from a number of synthetic fibres. Polyester caps are comfortable to wear and also smooth to the touch.

Polyester caps
Fig: Polyester cap

Ski caps:

Ski cap protects the wearer with head-hugging material which insulates and keeps the heat from escaping the body.

ski cap
Fig: Ski cap

Tam o’Shanter:

Tam hat is a traditional flat, round Scottish cap. It is usually worn by men. The name obtained from Tam o’ Shanter, the eponymous hero of the 1790 Robert Burns poem.

Tam o'Shanter
Fig: Tam o’Shanter

Trucker caps:

It is similar to a baseball cap. But the construction is slightly different. It is made of six mesh panels that meet with a button on the top.

Trucker caps
Fig: Trucker caps

Wool caps:

It offer the wearer one of the highest levels of warmth and protection from the windy conditions of winter. It made from wool come in several styles.

Wool caps
Fig: Wool caps

Zucchetto:

Zucchetto is a Skullcap worn by clerics, typically in Roman Catholicism. It is a small, hemispherical, form-fitting ecclesiastical skullcap. It is popular by the names pilus.

Zucchetto cap
Fig: Zucchetto

Difference between hats and caps:

A cap can be called as either a cap or a hat. But you cannot call a hat as a cap. Cause, the term of hat refers to a lot of headpieces. That doesn’t fit with the definition of a cap. Its mean when you mix these two terms up, avoid referring to other headgear and headpieces as “hat” alone, since the term won’t cover all forms of head accessories. The main difference between hats and caps is that the Hat is a shaped head covering, having a brim and a crown, or one of these and Cap is a brimless head covering, sometimes made with a visor. Difference between hats and caps are given in below table.

Let’s see a difference between hats and caps:

Cap Hat
1. Crown fits tightly around the head. 1. Crown fits loosely around the head.
2. Either has a visor or no brim at all. 2. Hat has a brim that circles the entire hat.
3. Blocks sunlight from the face, doesn’t protect the rest of the body. 3. It provides shade against sunlight.
4. Used in sports and fashion. 4. Used in ceremonial or religious settings.

References:

  1. Garment Manufacturing Technology by Rajkishore Nayak and Rajiv Padhye
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/
  3. https://www.typingadventure.com/cap-vs-hat/
  4. https://textilelearner.blogspot.com/2017/12/different-parts-cap.html

Author of this Article:
Md. Mahedi Hasan
B.Sc. in Textile Engineering
Textile Engineering College, Noakhali.
Email: mh18.bd@gmail.com

Leave a Comment